Description of Saronic Gulf Islands
The Saronic Gulf Islands
of Argosaronic Gulf
as it is commonly used in Greek, is an archipelago of islands spread in the Gulf on the south to the mainland of Athens
. The islands of Hydra
are very popular for both mainlanders and foreign tourists because of their easy access and short distance of Athens
as day-trip destinations or summer resorts. There are many hotels
in each of the islands and their bays are often visited by yachters.
Geography of Saronic Gulf Islands
Saronic Gulf Islands
are located south to the mainland of Attica
and west to Peloponnese
. The group comprise of the islands of: Aegina
and many uninhabited islets.
History of Saronic Gulf Islands
The islands of Saronic Gulf
have always been more or less under the historical shadow of the important mainland centres of Attica
. The highlight of their history is undoubtedly the Battle of Salamis
in 480 BC between Greeks and Persians with the fleet of Greeks blocking the Persian ships in the straights of Salamis
managed to score a decisive victory against the Persians. The island of Aegina
was at the crossroads of cultures and conflicting factions for thousands of years. Here we find traces of all periods of history: walls and foundations of the Bronze Age, Mycenaean remains, classical remains, Byzantine churches and medieval ruins of the city, monuments of the modern history of Greece for a short time which was the first capital under Kapodistrias. Poros
Island was oldest naval Amphictyony centre established in parts of the 7th century. BC. The history of islands of Hydra
, is better known for their maritime tradition in modern history at the end of 18th for their participation in the Greek War Independence in 1821.
Climate of Saronic Gulf Islands
The islands enjoy a Mediterranean climate with mild winters and pleasantly hot summers. The temperature in summer is lower than the mainland because of the sea breeze. The safe bays of the islands are ideal for yacht cruising.