Central Greece is the very heart of Greece, as here is Athens, the capital and the busiest city of the country but also some of the most important historical sites: the sacred oracle of mythical Delphi and heroic Thermopylae. Comprised of intense diversity in landscapes of steep snow capped mountains, fertile plains, lakes and lovely bays, this part of land is an example of Greece. There are hotels and accommodation services as well as many taverns and restaurants serving local cuisine which is based mainly on meat.
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Geography of Central Greece
Central Greece is the mainland of Greece, located in the middle of the country stretching from east with the region of Attica facing the AegeanSea to the west with the region of Aetoloakarnania facing the Ionian Sea. Central Greece is south to Thessaly and Epirus and north to Peloponnese. Central Greece spans an area of 24.818 sq. km. and a total population of 4.591.568 residents from whom 3.761.810 live in the urban area of Athens. Central Greece comprises of the regions of: Attica, Euboea, Boeotia, Phocida, Phthiotida, Aetoloakarnania and Evrytania. It is mostly mountainous with Giona being the highest mountain, while Mount Parnassus is among the most well known next to Delphi. In the western part of Central Greece lies one of the biggest natural lakes of Greece, Lake Trichonida.
History of Central Greece
This land has been inhabited since the depths of history. It has been the scenery to great civilizations, legends, heroes, myths, battles, giving birth to ideas and arts that have affected and shaped what we now call western civilization. Athens and Thives are the main city states which grow in power and economy. The oracle of Delphi on Parnassus Mount was considered to be the centre of the world and was a very significant economic and political centre as many of the crucial decisions on war matters were taken on oracles. Central Greece knew instability being occupied by Romans, Byzantines, crusaders and Ottomans. In 1821, the War of Independence against Turks started and Central Greece or Roumeli as it was called was the first part of Greece to enjoy liberty after nearly four hundred years of Turkish occupancy.
Climate of Central Greece
The climate of Central Greece varies according to the altitude. On the coastline is generally Mediterranean with hot summers and mild winters and in the interior, to a higher altitude, is Continental, with snow during winter. In western lowland the winters are milder with more rainfall, while in summer there are very high temperatures, often exceeding the 40 ° C and high humidity. In eastern part of Central Greece, because of the mountains, winter is cooler and summer is cooler and drier in comparison to the west.