Greece - History
The Macedonian Period in Greece03-03-2013 16:52The Macedonian Period in Greece is in fact the last part of the long Classical period in Greek history, highlighting the fact of the emerging of Macedonia, the Kingdom of Philip II as a major power in Greek affairs, starting in 359 BC till the death of his successor Alexander the Great in 323 BC.
Ancient Macedonia occupied a key strategic position in the northwest Aegean. It was rich in natural resources and offered good farmland and one of the best sources of timber and pitch used to construct ships.
Philip succeeded his brother Perdikkas in dire circumstances and began his reign by suppressing several pretenders to the throne and protecting Macedonia from foreign intruders, including the Athenians. To meet these needs successfully, Philip built up the Macedonian army to an unprecedented size numbering 10.000 infantry and 600 cavalry. He armed the infantry with the sarissa, a 6-meter pike, twice in length than that of the Greek hoplite’s spear, fact that overcame the need for heavy armour. This made the Macedonian phalanx more flexible.
In 339 BC Philip led the Macedonian army against Athens and found Thebes also arrayed against him. Philip, accompanied by his heir Alexander, defeated them at the Battle of Chaeronea the next year. This victory over the Greek forces established Macedonia in the Greek political affairs and led Philip to create the League of Corinth proclaiming a military alliance that formed the basis for a new Hellenic League with him as leader. Philip’s ultimate goal was an expedition eastwards to claim the lands of Minor Asia, but he never did. He was assassinated by conspirators at the Macedonian him in 336 BC passing over to his successor Alexander both a strong kingdom and his vision of expanding his power to the East.
From the time that Alexander took over the Macedonian throne, he started the preparations for the ambitious Asiatic campaign that his father has dreamt of. Alexander began the expedition that would establish him as the greatest generals in history, in the spring of 334 BC. Alexander the Great made the best of his army of 37000 men and succeeded in his overambitious project. Following a series of victorious battles, Alexander the Great conquered the Persian world from Minor Asia to India.
His unexpected death in Babylon in 323 BC led these vast colonized territories to uncertainty as he had no heir till then, a fact that caused conflicts among his successors, during the Hellenistic Age to follow.
The statue of Poseidon, made of Parian marble, was found in 1877 on Milos island, along with a statue of his mate, Amphitrite. The larger than life-size statue depicts the god almost nude, wearing a himation covering the lower part of the body. In his raised right hand he will have held the trident. Next to his right leg is a support in the form of a dolphin. Today, the statue is exhibited at the National Archaeological Museum in Athens city.
In recent years, the beloved habit of pancakes has begun to become widespread in Greece as well. Touristorama discovered in Nafplion the place that makes the most delicious pancakes, according to the original American recipe.
More than just a famous tourist destination, Santorini boasts a romantic scene where you can have some really memorable moments with your partner. The time when the sun sets deep down to the Aegean Sea and the sky gets these amazing orange colors is the best to enjoy a cocktail. One of the best places to do so is the Classico bar restaurant in the capital of Fira.
“Brunch” is both a noun, a verb and way of life. It’s not only an opportunity to eat something nice, but also a way to catch up with friends in the middle of the day. In Athens city we love it for both reasons. We have even discovered an easily accessible spot, perfect for the citibreakers to enjoy a full breakfast or a brunch during their travel in the Greek capital.
Explore the fascinating volcanic island of Santorini the way you want it yourself! Enjoy a unique accommodation experience, with huge doses of privacy and luxury by choosing to stay in Incognito Villa.
Touristorama has been travelling all around Greece and its islands for over a decade. This year, during our trip to Naxos, the biggest of the Cyclades complex, we discovered an interesting spot, perfect for your night out on the island… which is what we do best: finding the best places and then propose you should visit them! Prime is a Scandinavian Bar, located on a privileged position in Chora of Naxos, opposite the port. It’s been operating for 21 years and enjoys a great fame to both foreign and local tourists.
The statue of Poseidon, made of Parian marble, was found in 1877 on Milos island, along with a statue of his mate, Amphitrite. The larger than life-size statue depicts the god almost nude, wearing a himation...
The building that now houses the Hellenic Parliament is the Old Royal Palace, the former royal palace in Athens. The Parliament House is located in the heart of Athens, it faces onto the Syntagma Square...
The visitor of Kilkis region in Macedonia has many things to see, as the place is full of museums and monuments. Take a look at the most interesting...
Mycenae is a city of great significance in Greek history that named the Mycenaean Civilization that flourished here in the late Bronze Age around 1600–1200 BC. The palace of Mycenae, known in legend...