Greece - History
Greece Roman period10-06-2013 18:33The period following the Roman victory in the Battle of Corinth until the reestablishment of the city of Byzantium and the naming of the city Constantinople by the Emperor Constantine as the capital of the Roman Empire in 330 AD is considered the period of Roman Greece.
The end of Greek political autonomy came in 146 BC with the sack of Corinth by the Romans, displaying the harsh tactics of Roman imperialism. Southern Greece came under the surveillance of Macedonia which was already a Roman province. The Aegean islands followed in 133 BC. In 88 BC Athens and other Greek cities revolted against the Romans but those revolutions were crushed by the Roman general Sulla. Therefore, the Greece remained under Roman rule.
The Roman cultured had been fundamentally influenced from Greece, being in fact Greco-Roman. Thus, the Greek language along with the worship of the same gods helped the Roman establishment in the Greek peninsula.
The Romans contributed in erecting new buildings and fortifications around Greece and especially Athens. The Roman Forum and the Tower of the Winds among others, were built. Hadrian, before he became emperor he served as an eponymous archon of Athens. He also built his Arch of Hadrian there.
During the first century AD Greece and much of the rest of the Roman Empire in the East, came under the influence of Early Christianity. The apostle Paul had preached in Macedon and Athens and Greece soon became one of the most highly Christianized areas of the empire.
During the reign of Theodosius I in the late 3rd century, the Roman Empire was divided in the Western and Eastern Roman Empire. Greece became part of the Eastern Roman Empire or what it was going to be called by scholars Byzantine Empire. Greece faced invasions from the Heruli, Goths, Vandals, Visigoths but under the protection of the empire managed to push the invaders back.
Recent archaeological discoveries shed light in the older scenarios, according to which Greece was raged of poverty and civil decay. On the contrary, the Greek peninsula was most likely one of the most prosperous regions of the Roman Empire. The institution of the city-states has remained prosperous until at least the sixth century and Greece may have been one of the most economically active regions in the eastern Mediterranean.
The statue of Poseidon, made of Parian marble, was found in 1877 on Milos island, along with a statue of his mate, Amphitrite. The larger than life-size statue depicts the god almost nude, wearing a himation covering the lower part of the body. In his raised right hand he will have held the trident. Next to his right leg is a support in the form of a dolphin. Today, the statue is exhibited at the National Archaeological Museum in Athens city.
“Brunch” is both a noun, a verb and way of life. It’s not only an opportunity to eat something nice, but also a way to catch up with friends in the middle of the day. In Athens city we love it for both reasons. We have even discovered an easily accessible spot, perfect for the citibreakers to enjoy a full breakfast or a brunch during their travel in the Greek capital.
In recent years, the beloved habit of pancakes has begun to become widespread in Greece as well. Touristorama discovered in Nafplion the place that makes the most delicious pancakes, according to the original American recipe.
Touristorama has been travelling all around Greece and its islands for over a decade. This year, during our trip to Naxos, the biggest of the Cyclades complex, we discovered an interesting spot, perfect for your night out on the island… which is what we do best: finding the best places and then propose you should visit them! Prime is a Scandinavian Bar, located on a privileged position in Chora of Naxos, opposite the port. It’s been operating for 21 years and enjoys a great fame to both foreign and local tourists.
Explore the fascinating volcanic island of Santorini the way you want it yourself! Enjoy a unique accommodation experience, with huge doses of privacy and luxury by choosing to stay in Incognito Villa.
More than just a famous tourist destination, Santorini boasts a romantic scene where you can have some really memorable moments with your partner. The time when the sun sets deep down to the Aegean Sea and the sky gets these amazing orange colors is the best to enjoy a cocktail. One of the best places to do so is the Classico bar restaurant in the capital of Fira.
The statue of Poseidon, made of Parian marble, was found in 1877 on Milos island, along with a statue of his mate, Amphitrite. The larger than life-size statue depicts the god almost nude, wearing a himation...
The building that now houses the Hellenic Parliament is the Old Royal Palace, the former royal palace in Athens. The Parliament House is located in the heart of Athens, it faces onto the Syntagma Square...
The visitor of Kilkis region in Macedonia has many things to see, as the place is full of museums and monuments. Take a look at the most interesting...
Mycenae is a city of great significance in Greek history that named the Mycenaean Civilization that flourished here in the late Bronze Age around 1600–1200 BC. The palace of Mycenae, known in legend...