Greece - History
The Classical Period in Greece28-02-2013 20:17During the Classical period, Greek culture reached its apex, producing great architectural shapes in buildings such as the Parthenon, philosophy and theatre. Despite the Persian expansionism wars, the Greeks did not settle for a stable peace among them and especially between the two major powers of that time, Athens and Sparta, leading to the Peloponnesian War.
Two events played a signal role in differentiating the Classical period Greece. The first was the deposition of the tyrants from the political scene of the Greek States that each of them had developed the system of government they would maintain throughout the Classical period: Athens had democracy, Sparta was ruled by a dual kingship and military aristocracy, Corinth had a board of magistrates and Thebes was governed by the Boeotarchs.
The second major event was the wars against the Persian invasion after the defeat of the kingdom of Croesus. In 490 BC Persians were defeated in the Battle of Marathon but came back under the commands of Xerxes I, Darius’s successor, to win the Spartan king Leonidas at Thermopylae in 480 BC. The Persians occupy Attica and sack the Acropolis in Athens. The Greeks won a naval victory at Salamis later that same year and won also a decisive victory at Plataea the next year.
The defeat of the Persians left Athens and Sparta as the dominant powers in mainland Greece. Athenians along with the Greek maritime powers created an alliance known as the Delian League because the treasury of the league was kept at Delos, the island sacred to Apollo in Cyclades. Athens used the Delian League to expand their policy and transformed it into the Athenian Empire. Athens removed the treasury from
Delos to Athens and used the revenues to finance its own building projects, like the constructions of the defensive Long Walls, the Temple of Parthenon and Propylea on Acropolis.
These policies caused rebellions throughout the league and eventually caused Sparta to bring an army into Attica. Although Pericles negotiated a Thirty Years’ Peace with the Spartan army, this laid the groundwork for the future Peloponnesian War that broke out in 431 BC and would last nearly thirty years.
At the same time, the 5th century BC was also the era of the theater. At the festival of Dionysia, Athenian citizens watched the tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides. The same century also saw the development of historical writing. Herodotus was the first to write about the war against Persia and Thucydides wrote the history of the Peloponnesian War.
During the Classical Era, the most famous philosophers were to live and put the fundamental basis of philosophic thinking in the Greek and later in the European civilization: Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. Along philosophy, oratory saw a great development with Lysias and Demosthenes being the two most important of orators in Classical period.
The last two decades of the Classical period saw the rise of Macedonians in power and this period is considered to end in 323 BC with the death of Alexander the Great.
We have been choosing Parea Tavern for our meals and dinners for 14 years! Every time someone from Touristorama travels to the island of Santorini, he enjoys authentic Greek cuisine at the terrace of this restaurant in the heart of Fira. And we are not the only ones. Thousands of tourists include it among their favorites on the volcanic island.
Touristorama has been travelling all around Greece and its islands for over a decade. This year, during our trip to Naxos, the biggest of the Cyclades complex, we discovered an interesting spot, perfect for your night out on the island… which is what we do best: finding the best places and then propose you should visit them! Prime is a Scandinavian Bar, located on a privileged position in Chora of Naxos, opposite the port. It’s been operating for 21 years and enjoys a great fame to both foreign and local tourists.
Like a relay race of three generations; a journey with happy days, sad days, joys, sorrows, wars, Occupation, poverty, hunger, deaths, volcanic eruptions, catastrophic earthquakes, flee for a better life, return, better days, feasts, tourism explosion, financial crises and so on… Everything has been indelibly inscribed on the walls of this small building, Aktaion. I feel grateful that life has given me the opportunity to hold the reins of Aktaion all the way to its centennial.
It opened in 2004 and soon became one of the favourite dining spots in Santorini. It is called Metaxy mas which means.. between us, but it is not a secret any more that this restaurant has a rich menu with almost 40 different dishes and appetizers based on traditional Greek cuisine.
Explore the fascinating volcanic island of Santorini the way you want it yourself! Enjoy a unique accommodation experience, with huge doses of privacy and luxury by choosing to stay in Incognito Villa.
The Marmita Restaurant is now a part of the history of Santorini, since it has been operating in Megalochori since 2004. From 2013 it s been running under the observation of new owner Giannis Manikas and the sense of renewal is obvious.
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