Socrates: The Enigmatic Philosopher10-06-2013 18:23Socrates, born in 469 B.C. was an Athenian philosopher, who despite the fact that he left no writings, is of landmark importance in Western thought. His philosophical thinking was directed more toward questions of ethics in life and his teachings profoundly influenced his pupil Plato whose work of dialogues is generally taken as being the more reliable report, both of the character and of the teachings of Socrates.
Socrates was the son of sculptor Sophroniscus and Phænarete. He received the usual elementary education in gymnastics and music and he may have planned to follow his father’s occupation but he apparently decided that he was more at ease with ideas than with stone.
Socrates was famous for his austerity: impervious to cold and fatigue, he almost always went barefoot, even over frozen winter ground at the siege of Potidaea. Socrates has been pictured as a short, snub-nosed person with widely spaced, perhaps protruding eyes and broad nostrils. The comic dramatists of the time, Aristophanes, Amipsias, and Eupolis, made him the subject of satirical dramas in which his physical traits as well as his dialectical habits were exaggerated.
Socrates began his philosophical studies with the ideas of Pythagoras, Parmenides, Heraclitus, Anaxagoras, Anaximander, Zeno, and others. Because of the conflicting ideas he found in these philosophies concerning the nature of the universe, he came to the conviction that more was to be gained by a study of justice and goodness.
Socrates himself taught no doctrine, claiming simply, “I know nothing.” This ignorance is the famous Socratic irony. Unlike other philosophers, he never founded a school or charged fees for lessons. At Athens he attracted a following of young, and since he took no money, his goal was evidently to prepare these students for public office by teaching them to think for themselves. His “Socratic method” consisted of asking questions in pursuit of definitions. This question and answer process forced the respondent to examine his own preconceptions, in a search for general truths. Socrates is famous for his theory of knowledge as the recollection of ideas, for his conception of the soul and his attempted proofs of the soul’s immortality, and for the theory of Ideas or universal forms, which Plato adopted and expanded.
Before he was forty Socrates had established himself as a remarkable teacher and philosopher; he was known and respected by many of the leading philosophers, politicians, and sophists of his time, including Protagoras, with whom he had one of his most famous debates.
In 403 B.C.E. Socrates defied his old pupil Kritias, who had seized power in the coup of the Thirty Tyrants when he refused to help them arrest a certain intended victim. Socrates was known for his antidemocratic sentiments, favored for a meritocracy, with power entrusted to a worthy ruling class.
In 399 B.C. the 70-year-old philosopher was prosecuted for corrupting the youth and for impiety. After making a nonconciliatory defense speech, Socrates was found guilty by the jury of Athenians and was sentenced to die by being given poison. The famous prison scenes recounted in Plato’s dialogue Phaedo.
Like a relay race of three generations; a journey with happy days, sad days, joys, sorrows, wars, Occupation, poverty, hunger, deaths, volcanic eruptions, catastrophic earthquakes, flee for a better life, return, better days, feasts, tourism explosion, financial crises and so on… Everything has been indelibly inscribed on the walls of this small building, Aktaion. I feel grateful that life has given me the opportunity to hold the reins of Aktaion all the way to its centennial.
The Marmita Restaurant is now a part of the history of Santorini, since it has been operating in Megalochori since 2004. From 2013 it s been running under the observation of new owner Giannis Manikas and the sense of renewal is obvious.
Explore the fascinating volcanic island of Santorini the way you want it yourself! Enjoy a unique accommodation experience, with huge doses of privacy and luxury by choosing to stay in Incognito Villa.
More than just a famous tourist destination, Santorini boasts a romantic scene where you can have some really memorable moments with your partner. The time when the sun sets deep down to the Aegean Sea and the sky gets these amazing orange colors is the best to enjoy a cocktail. One of the best places to do so is the Classico bar restaurant in the capital of Fira.
We have been choosing Parea Tavern for our meals and dinners for 14 years! Every time someone from Touristorama travels to the island of Santorini, he enjoys authentic Greek cuisine at the terrace of this restaurant in the heart of Fira. And we are not the only ones. Thousands of tourists include it among their favorites on the volcanic island.
It opened in 2004 and soon became one of the favourite dining spots in Santorini. It is called Metaxy mas which means.. between us, but it is not a secret any more that this restaurant has a rich menu with almost 40 different dishes and appetizers based on traditional Greek cuisine.
The statue of Poseidon, made of Parian marble, was found in 1877 on Milos island, along with a statue of his mate, Amphitrite. The larger than life-size statue depicts the god almost nude, wearing a himation...
Brand new, with vivid colorful atmosphere and located in the central square of Fira, Solo Gelato serves the most delicious ice cream, aromatic italian coffee, imaginative smoothies, hand made sweets and...
The Jewish Museum was founded in 1977. Its goal is to collect and exhibit artifacts related to the presence of Jewish in Greece. As the museum expanded, a neoclassical building of the 19th century was...
In about 70 kilometres from Athens towards the tip of the Attica peninsula one finds the cape Sounion. There you can admire the ruins of an ancient Greek temple of Poseidon, the god of the sea in Greek...