Pericles: The Inspired Statesman10-06-2013 18:13Pericles has been the most influential Athenian statesman of his time leaving a rich controvert legacy of the long and devastating Peloponnesian War, of the democratic institutions of Athens and the construction of marvelous public buildings such as the Temple of Parthenon on Acropolis hill.
Perikles was born in 495 B.C. with a distinguished aristocratic family background. He had two sons by an Athenian wife, whom he divorced for Aspasia. He never married her but they lived together for 20 years until his death. He entered politics as a left-wing radical and he soon emerged as Themistokles’ political heir. He was elected at least 20 times serving as a military general without interruption from 443 to 430 B.C. steering Athens through its heyday of power and cultural achievement.
The main source of information on Pericle’s political action and life is the historian Thucydides. At about age 23 he served as paying sponsor for Aeschylus’s stage drama The Persians (472 B.C.). In 463 B.C. Perikles unsuccessfully prosecuted the conservative leader Kimon for bribery. The following year he assisted the reformer Ephialtes in proposing legislation that dismantled the power of the Areopagos.
In 461 B.C. Perikles urged the creation of the Long Walls, which were to stretch four miles from Athens down to its harbor at Piraeus. When completed in about 457 B.C. the walls turned Athens into an impregnable naval fortress.
Around 457 B.C. Perikles sponsored a bill creating jury pay which effectively opened jury duty to lower-income citizens. By 460 B.C.E. Athens had slipped into an undeclared war against Sparta and its allies. Perikles as a general led a seaborne raid against the enemy city of Sikyon in about 454 B.C. and in about 449 B.C. convinced his fellow citizens to accept an offered peace with Persia, officially putting an end to the Persian Wars. To mark the event, Perikles initiated a public building program, directed by the sculptor Pheidias which created most of the famous buildings still standing today on the Athenian Acropolis funded by the treasure of the Delian League. The Delian League which had been formed around 478 B.C. as a mutual-defense alliance against Persia and the use of the money for beautifying Athens is considered Pericle’s first sign of imperialism.
When the Peloponnesian War broke out in 431 B.C. Perikles advised defense by land and offensive strikes by sea. Having faith in Athens’ resources and fortifications, he convinced the rural citizens to evacuate their homes and contain themselves within the city walls, while the invading Spartans ravaged the countryside.
This strategy backfired, however, when plague broke out among the Athenian refugees and swept the city. He ended his days in disfavor, being accused that he had provoked the Peloponnesian War and had brought plague and demoralization to Athens. He died in 430 B.C. as a victim of the plague himself.
The Marmita Restaurant is now a part of the history of Santorini, since it has been operating in Megalochori since 2004. From 2013 it s been running under the observation of new owner Giannis Manikas and the sense of renewal is obvious.
It opened in 2004 and soon became one of the favourite dining spots in Santorini. It is called Metaxy mas which means.. between us, but it is not a secret any more that this restaurant has a rich menu with almost 40 different dishes and appetizers based on traditional Greek cuisine.
More than just a famous tourist destination, Santorini boasts a romantic scene where you can have some really memorable moments with your partner. The time when the sun sets deep down to the Aegean Sea and the sky gets these amazing orange colors is the best to enjoy a cocktail. One of the best places to do so is the Classico bar restaurant in the capital of Fira.
Like a relay race of three generations; a journey with happy days, sad days, joys, sorrows, wars, Occupation, poverty, hunger, deaths, volcanic eruptions, catastrophic earthquakes, flee for a better life, return, better days, feasts, tourism explosion, financial crises and so on… Everything has been indelibly inscribed on the walls of this small building, Aktaion. I feel grateful that life has given me the opportunity to hold the reins of Aktaion all the way to its centennial.
We have been choosing Parea Tavern for our meals and dinners for 14 years! Every time someone from Touristorama travels to the island of Santorini, he enjoys authentic Greek cuisine at the terrace of this restaurant in the heart of Fira. And we are not the only ones. Thousands of tourists include it among their favorites on the volcanic island.
Explore the fascinating volcanic island of Santorini the way you want it yourself! Enjoy a unique accommodation experience, with huge doses of privacy and luxury by choosing to stay in Incognito Villa.
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