Greece - History
The Archaic Period in Greece18-02-2013 20:07During the Archaic Period, Greece created some of the most important features to serve as the foundation of the later acme of Hellenic world. Greece was organized in city-states, made colonies in the Mediterranean, adopted a more advanced economy through trade and the invention of coinage and celebrated unity bonds in remarkable festivals like the Olympic Games.
After the fall of the Mycenaean civilization around 11th century BC, Greece has seen a long period of cultural decline and economic recession that is called by the archaeologists the Greek “Dark Age”, mainly because of the lack of archaeological finds of that era. The settlements had become from luxurious palaces to pastoral huts scattered on the countryside, the usage of the carriage stopped and the first form of written language Linear B was forgotten. The only aspect that survived and historians have followed to track down the history during the Dark Age was pottery.
The Archaic Period stretches between 800 and 500 BC with extensive colonization of the surrounding lands. This wave of migration is believed to have been made mainly because of the overpopulation of the mainland and the lack of land. The Greeks colonized the southern part of Italy, the Minor Asia, the Black Sea and founded new cities, boosting trade and therefore economy between the new cities and the ones that they came from.
During the Archaic Period there were established some of the most important political changes ever made, as the form of the city-state rises and different kinds of governing take place in each of them. During this period, the first governments were formed, laws were codified and money was coined for the first time boosting the trading economy. Initially the city-states were governed by kings, but then the governments became oligarchic ruled by a wealthy aristocracy that owned land, denying political power to those who did not own land. The invention of the coinage helped also in transforming the idea of wealth and established a new kind of social class, a rising middle class of those who gained money over trading, who later grasped political power. These transformations opened the way to the establishment of Athenian Democracy.
As far as culture is concerned, during the Archaic Period, a simplified alphabet was adopted enabling large numbers of Greeks to gain literacy. The Greeks were in place to pose questions over complex ideas like the role of humanity in the universe, founding philosophy and the way of thinking according logic.
Despite the differences in the form of governing, wars over lands and economy, the city-states were strongly united by the same religion. The impact of the common gods and mythology is evident in the creation of festivals that were celebrated from the Greeks all over the Greek world. The most notable of all was the Olympic Games first held at 776 BC in Olympia to honor Zeus, the father of the gods. The Olympic Games were held every four years and Greeks measured time by Olympiads. During the Olympic Games all the wars and hostilities were paused. Other Panhellenic events were the Nemean, Isthmian and Pythian Games.
The Archaic Period comes to an end at 490 BC, when the Greeks defeated the Persians at the Battle of Marathon and the Classical Period follows.
More than just a famous tourist destination, Santorini boasts a romantic scene where you can have some really memorable moments with your partner. The time when the sun sets deep down to the Aegean Sea and the sky gets these amazing orange colors is the best to enjoy a cocktail. One of the best places to do so is the Classico bar restaurant in the capital of Fira.
Explore the fascinating volcanic island of Santorini the way you want it yourself! Enjoy a unique accommodation experience, with huge doses of privacy and luxury by choosing to stay in Incognito Villa.
Touristorama has been travelling all around Greece and its islands for over a decade. This year, during our trip to Naxos, the biggest of the Cyclades complex, we discovered an interesting spot, perfect for your night out on the island… which is what we do best: finding the best places and then propose you should visit them! Prime is a Scandinavian Bar, located on a privileged position in Chora of Naxos, opposite the port. It’s been operating for 21 years and enjoys a great fame to both foreign and local tourists.
“Brunch” is both a noun, a verb and way of life. It’s not only an opportunity to eat something nice, but also a way to catch up with friends in the middle of the day. In Athens city we love it for both reasons. We have even discovered an easily accessible spot, perfect for the citibreakers to enjoy a full breakfast or a brunch during their travel in the Greek capital.
In recent years, the beloved habit of pancakes has begun to become widespread in Greece as well. Touristorama discovered in Nafplion the place that makes the most delicious pancakes, according to the original American recipe.
The statue of Poseidon, made of Parian marble, was found in 1877 on Milos island, along with a statue of his mate, Amphitrite. The larger than life-size statue depicts the god almost nude, wearing a himation covering the lower part of the body. In his raised right hand he will have held the trident. Next to his right leg is a support in the form of a dolphin. Today, the statue is exhibited at the National Archaeological Museum in Athens city.
The statue of Poseidon, made of Parian marble, was found in 1877 on Milos island, along with a statue of his mate, Amphitrite. The larger than life-size statue depicts the god almost nude, wearing a himation...
Brand new, with vivid colorful atmosphere and located in the central square of Fira, Solo Gelato serves the most delicious ice cream, aromatic italian coffee, imaginative smoothies, hand made sweets and...
The Jewish Museum was founded in 1977. Its goal is to collect and exhibit artifacts related to the presence of Jewish in Greece. As the museum expanded, a neoclassical building of the 19th century was...
In about 70 kilometres from Athens towards the tip of the Attica peninsula one finds the cape Sounion. There you can admire the ruins of an ancient Greek temple of Poseidon, the god of the sea in Greek...