Greece - History
The Classical Greek Architecture08-03-2013 13:18The Classical Greek Architecture has born the column supported temples which are identified in three different orders by the distinctive forms of the columns capitals, the Doric order, the Ionic order and the Corinthian order.
The orders in the Classical Architecture are distinguished mainly by their capitals: the Doric order with its plain cushionlike capitals, the Ionic order with its elegant scrollshaped volutes and the Corinthian order, originating from Asia Minor, with its bundled acanthus leaves.
The construction techniques used did not involve mortar in between the joints of the marbles. Instead, the pieces of the columns were joined with wooden piles in the centre. The highly sophisticated architecture in classical times goes along with evolved aesthetics in art and the performing arts like this of theatre. For these reasons the Classical architecture, apart from thriving in sacred temples built for gods, did also a great deal of constructions that served other purposes of daily life like theatres, defensive walls and aqueducts.
The Classical architecture sprang in the fifth century BC in Athens. A wall was built around the city in 479 BC and the famous Long Walls were built to connect the city to the port of Piraeus in the 450’s. On the Acropolis, most of the original buildings had been destroyed by Persian invaders and after the Greek victory against them major building projects were begun. The most famous examples of classical architecture are the temples on the Acropolis: the temple of Parthenon, by the architects Ictinus and Callicrates, Propylaea and probably Erechtheum by Mnesicles.
The Classical Greek architecture was one of the most influential architectural styles in history as it survived throughout the Western world and was much copied by the Romans, was highly appraised by the Renaissance architects and saw a great revival again in the 18th and 19th centuries in Neoclassicism.
The statue of Poseidon, made of Parian marble, was found in 1877 on Milos island, along with a statue of his mate, Amphitrite. The larger than life-size statue depicts the god almost nude, wearing a himation covering the lower part of the body. In his raised right hand he will have held the trident. Next to his right leg is a support in the form of a dolphin. Today, the statue is exhibited at the National Archaeological Museum in Athens city.
More than just a famous tourist destination, Santorini boasts a romantic scene where you can have some really memorable moments with your partner. The time when the sun sets deep down to the Aegean Sea and the sky gets these amazing orange colors is the best to enjoy a cocktail. One of the best places to do so is the Classico bar restaurant in the capital of Fira.
Explore the fascinating volcanic island of Santorini the way you want it yourself! Enjoy a unique accommodation experience, with huge doses of privacy and luxury by choosing to stay in Incognito Villa.
In recent years, the beloved habit of pancakes has begun to become widespread in Greece as well. Touristorama discovered in Nafplion the place that makes the most delicious pancakes, according to the original American recipe.
“Brunch” is both a noun, a verb and way of life. It’s not only an opportunity to eat something nice, but also a way to catch up with friends in the middle of the day. In Athens city we love it for both reasons. We have even discovered an easily accessible spot, perfect for the citibreakers to enjoy a full breakfast or a brunch during their travel in the Greek capital.
Touristorama has been travelling all around Greece and its islands for over a decade. This year, during our trip to Naxos, the biggest of the Cyclades complex, we discovered an interesting spot, perfect for your night out on the island… which is what we do best: finding the best places and then propose you should visit them! Prime is a Scandinavian Bar, located on a privileged position in Chora of Naxos, opposite the port. It’s been operating for 21 years and enjoys a great fame to both foreign and local tourists.
The statue of Poseidon, made of Parian marble, was found in 1877 on Milos island, along with a statue of his mate, Amphitrite. The larger than life-size statue depicts the god almost nude, wearing a himation...
For the second consecutive year, three dynamic bodies, the Benaki Museum, Costa Navarino and Athens International Airport, join forces for culture. Leveraging on the Benaki Museum collection of printed...
The Museum of Prehistoric Thera houses finds from the excavations at Akrotiri, conducted under the auspices of the Archaeological Society at Athens, the earlier excavations at Potamos, made by members...
In 1249, the ruler of the Frankish Principate of Achaea William II of Villeharbdouin built a srong fortress, atop the naturally-fortified hill of Myzithra in Lacedaimon. It would play an improtant role...