Greece - History
The city of Athens under the rule of Turks...
Turkish or Ottoman Period16-09-2012 16:05From 1453 with the fall of Constantinople until the revolution in 1821 Greece is under the rule of the Ottoman Turks who control the entire Middle East and the Balkans as far as the gates of Vienna.
Athens fell to the Ottoman Empire in 1458. The ancient monument of Parthenon was then converted into the city's main mosque. For almost 400 years, Athens remained under the rule of Ottomans, with that being the longest non-Hellenic power since the Romans.
By the 17th century Athens was little more than a village. At that time, great damage was caused to the city and its monuments. The Turks began a practice of storing gun powder and explosives in the Parthenon and Propylea. Propylea was destroyed in 1640, when a lighting bolt struck it, while Parthenon was severely damaged during the Morean War, when Athens was besieged by the Venetians and a shot fired caused a powder magazine to explode, giving Parthenon the appearance it has today. The occupation of the Acropolis continued for another 6 months and a lot of ancient monuments were destroyed. Between 1801 and 1805 Lord Elgin, the British ambassador to the Ottoman Empire, arranged the removal of many sculptures from the Parthenon. Along with the Panathenaic frize, one of the six caryatids of the Erechtheion was extracted and replaced with a plaster mold. Fifty pieces of sculpture were carried away, including three fragments purchased by French. The "Elgin Marbles" as they're also called is a "thom" for the Greeks, who have been trying for decades to take them back. Tourists do have the chance to admire the Greek masterpieces, but unfortunately not in their birthplace. The new Acropolis Museum which opened its gates in 2009 is a modern museum and one more reason for which Greek people and politicians insist on taking back the marbles, since we do have now the infrastructure to preserve them, but undoubtedly the right to have our cultural fortune here as well.
In 1822, a Greek insurgency captured the city, but it fell to the Ottomans again in 1826. Again the ancient monuments suffered badly. Partially funded by Lord Byron, the Greeks continued to fight, but the Ottoman forces remained in possession until 1833, when they withdrew. Athens was chosen to be the capital of the newly established kingdom of Greece. At that time, the city was virtually uninhabited, being merely a cluster of buildings at the foot of the Acropolis, where the Plaka district is now.
The Marmita Restaurant is now a part of the history of Santorini, since it has been operating in Megalochori since 2004. From 2013 it s been running under the observation of new owner Giannis Manikas and the sense of renewal is obvious.
Like a relay race of three generations; a journey with happy days, sad days, joys, sorrows, wars, Occupation, poverty, hunger, deaths, volcanic eruptions, catastrophic earthquakes, flee for a better life, return, better days, feasts, tourism explosion, financial crises and so on… Everything has been indelibly inscribed on the walls of this small building, Aktaion. I feel grateful that life has given me the opportunity to hold the reins of Aktaion all the way to its centennial.
Explore the fascinating volcanic island of Santorini the way you want it yourself! Enjoy a unique accommodation experience, with huge doses of privacy and luxury by choosing to stay in Incognito Villa.
More than just a famous tourist destination, Santorini boasts a romantic scene where you can have some really memorable moments with your partner. The time when the sun sets deep down to the Aegean Sea and the sky gets these amazing orange colors is the best to enjoy a cocktail. One of the best places to do so is the Classico bar restaurant in the capital of Fira.
We have been choosing Parea Tavern for our meals and dinners for 14 years! Every time someone from Touristorama travels to the island of Santorini, he enjoys authentic Greek cuisine at the terrace of this restaurant in the heart of Fira. And we are not the only ones. Thousands of tourists include it among their favorites on the volcanic island.
It opened in 2004 and soon became one of the favourite dining spots in Santorini. It is called Metaxy mas which means.. between us, but it is not a secret any more that this restaurant has a rich menu with almost 40 different dishes and appetizers based on traditional Greek cuisine.
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