Description of Arcadia
The region of Arcadia occupies much of the central mountainous Peloponnese. The name of Arkadia has been equivalent to the wild beauty of the deep forests of the area where Pan used to play with nymphs. Nowadays, the mountainous villages of Vytina and Dimitsana are popular among outdoor-loving Greeks and increasingly, like-minded tourists with traditional hotels and guesthouses. It also has an unspoilt coastline facing the Argolic Gulf with pretty towns like Astros and Leonidio with lovely restaurants.
Geography of Arcadia
Arcadia is a region situated in the central and eastern part of the Peloponnese and its neighbouring regions are Argolida to the northeast, Corinthia and Achaia to the north, Ilia and Messinia to the west and Laconia to the south. The region spans an area of 4.419 sq. km. and a total population of 86.820 inhabitants. The capital city of the region is Tripoli. The highest mountains are Mainalo, Taygetos and Parnonas.
History of Arcadia
Arcadia has shared its past with the neighbour city of Sparta, although Arcadians broke their League and allied with the city-states of Thives and later Arcadia became a part of the Achaean League. Arkadia was occupied by Romans and then became part of the Byzantine Empire, until 1460. In the 15th century, Arcadia fell under the Ottoman Turks and after nearly 400 years of occupation, Arcadia was one of the centres of the Greek War of Independence with victorious battles like the one in Tripoli. After joining the newly-created Greek state, Arcadia saw economic growth but later in the 20th century suffered from emigration abroad, as a result of the economic decline after the Second World War.
Sightseeing in Arcadia
On the mountain of Mainalo at an altitude 1981 meters, there is the Ski Centre of Ostrakina where visitors can enjoy nature and skiing within trees. Mainalo Ski Centre has three ski lifts, ski runs and a guest lounge. The central part of Arcadia is the heart of the region is the area with some of the most breathtaking scenery in the Peloponnese, with a tangle of medieval villages and lush vegetation beneath the slopes of the Menalon Mountain. Dimitsana, Vytina, Karytena are only some of the popular winter resorts of the region, well-known for the outdoor activities in nature.
Useful Phone Numbers in Arcadia
Police: +30 2710 230548
Hospital: +30 2710 238542-4
Bus Services: +30 2710 224314
Railway: +30 2710 241696
Ski Center of Mainalon: +30 27960 22211
Map for Arcadia1
Agios Ioannis KynouriasAgios Ioannis Kynourias is a mountainous village located about 23 km far from Tripoli and is built at an altitude of 750 m on the North Slope of Mount Sarantapsychos. Besides its natural beauty, and the refreshing mountain climate, the village of Agios Ioannis is only half an hour far from the beach...2
Agios Petros KynouriasAgios Petros Kynourias is a traditional village, built on the slopes of Mount Parnonas at an altitude of 950m. It is the ideal place for those who love peace, fresh air and mountain getaways. It offers good food in restaurants and taverns and accommodation in beautiful hotels and hostels.3
Ano DolianaAno Doliana is a beautiful mountain village built on the northern slopes of Mount Parnonas at an altitude of 1,050 m with a square with plane trees, cafes, taverns and restaurants near the church of Saint George. The village of Ano Doliana offers magnificent views over the plains of Tripoli. It has hotels...4
AstrosAstros is the main summer resort in Arcadia. Its name meaning star derives from the particular shape of the peninsula where is located and looks like a star. Astros lies under the shadow of a medieval castle that overlooks the sea and the waterfront is ideal for summer walks enjoying the sea breeze....6
DaviesDavies is actually the name of two villages that are closely located to each other, Ano Davia and Kato Davia. Davies villages are just 12 km far from Tripoli located in beautiful surroundings as the river Melissonas runs through the village and helps to sustain the lush vegetation. The famous landmark...7
DimitsanaDimitsana is a delightful medieval village built amphitheatrically on two hills at the beginning of the Lousios Gorge, 11km north of Stemnitsa. Dimitsana played a significant role in Greece’s struggle for self-determination in 1821 and the school was an important spawning ground for the ideas leading...8
HellenikoHelleniko is located between the villages of Stemnitsa and Karitena at an altitude of 700 meters. It is an ideal destination for weekend visitors and nature lovers as it is surrounded by mountains, historic sites and offers an impressive view to Mount Lykaion, Lousios Gorge and the cluster of villages...10
KarytainaKaritena is a splendid medieval village of the mountainous part of Arcadia. The Frankish castle of Karitena perched atop a massive rock became a key stronghold for the Greek forces during the War of Independence in 1821. Nowadays, in Karytaina you can find hotels, hostels, rooms for comfortable accommodation...11
KastanitsaAfter a magical ride through the woods, there is the village of Kastanitsa, built between two hills. The position of the village offers a panoramic breathtaking view which can only be compared to this of the castle of Kastanitsa. Kastanitsa offers good food in restaurants and taverns and accommodation...13
Krya VrysiKrya Vrysi is a picturesque village with stone built houses and public buildings that are excellent examples of the local architecture. The famous landmark of the village is the church of Saint John which was built in just 40 days as this was the condition put by pasha, the local Turkish governor, to...14
LagadiaThe historical village of Lagadia is located in the centre of the Peloponnese, at an altitude of 800 meters. The picturesque village has impressive stone built houses with extraordinary view built amphitheatrically on a cliff, surrounded by walnut trees and water streams. The area has been developed...15
LeonidioLeonidio, 76km south of Argos, has a dramatic setting at the mouth of the Badron Gorge beside Dafnonas River and surrounded by towering red rocks. Leonidio has traditional local architecture and peaceful rural surroundings. Just 5km far from Leonidio there is the port of Plaka. Leonidio has hotels for...16
LevidiLevidi is a beautiful town, built on the outskirts of Mount Mainalo next to a pine forest at an altitude of 850 m. Levidi has a rich history and folklore tradition and has also been participating in the national liberation struggle in 1821 and one of the first historic battles of the revolution, where...17
PianaPiana is a village located on the slopes of Mount Mainalo at an altitude of 1150 meters. Piana became well known during the Greek War of Independence in 1821 as here were organized the first military forces that reinforced the Battle of Valtetsi and occupied the city of Tripoli. The area offers hotels...18
PoulithraPoulithra is close to the seaside village of Leonidio surrounded by a wonderful natural environment. The pebbly beach and the picturesque port with views to the sea and the surrounding area is the perfect place for summer getaways and holidays. Poulithra has hotels for accommodation, restaurants and...20
StemnitsaStemnitsa is a striking and beautiful village of stone houses and Byzantine churches. It is just 15 km far from the village of Karitena and makes a good base for nature lovers and moments of peace and relaxation. Stemnitsa offers accommodation in hotels and guesthouses and has many restaurants too. During...21
TripoliTripoli is the capital of the prefecture of Arcadia. It is a beautiful modern city that has retained its traditional character and despite the peaceful surroundings the recent history of the city has been rather violent. The Battle of Tripolitsa in 1821 was the first and the most decisive victories of...22
ValtessinikoValtessiniko, located at an altitude of 1,150 m is one of the most beautiful and picturesque villages of the area of Gortynia in Arcadia. It is located northwest to the village of Vitina and is one of the most visited villages. Choose to stay in one of the beautiful inns, hotels, rooms and try the local...23
VytinaVitina is a famous mountain holiday resort built on the slopes on Mount Mainalo gathering numerous visitors. Vytina is surrounded by fir forests and beautiful natural landscapes and is blessed with a rare climate which is considered to be therapeutic for both body and soul. The village has stone built...24
XiropigadoXiropigado is a picturesque fishing village on the shores of Kynouria on the outskirts of Mount Parnonas. The clean beach from one side and the wooded area on the other, create a magical landscape. The area has been developed to stay in hotels, guesthouses and good food at taverns and restaurants.25
ZatounaZatouna is a beautiful traditional village built at an altitude of 1500 meters with stone built houses and peaceful atmosphere. The famous village of Dimitsana is in very short distance from Zatouna where you can find many taverns and restaurants. Zatouna has hotels and rooms for your accommodation.
Suggestions for Arcadia