Greece - History
The Hellenistic Age in Greece03-03-2013 17:07The term of Hellenistic is used to describe the era of the Greek influenced world that was formed after the conquests of Alexander the Great, spanning from Greece till modern Afghanistan and Northern Africa. The main characteristic of the Hellenistic world was its linguistic and cultural unity as the common language used was Koine Greek.
Despite the linguistic commonplace, the Hellenistic political scene can only be described as chaos. The Alexander’s conquered lands were fragmented by his successors that climbed up in power. The larger and most significant kingdoms were these of Macedonia, Ptolemaic Egypt, Seleucid Empire in Syria, Pergamus and Syracuse.
During the Hellenistic Era, Athens was no longer the cultural center of the Greek world. The Egyptian city of Alexandria was primarily the capital of culture and secondarily to Antioch, Pergamon, and Syracuse. All these places had rich kings who sponsored courts full of scientists and poets. A general sense of uncertainty and insecurity due to political instability encouraged a religious revival, especially focused on mystery cults such as Eleusinian Mysteries and worship of Dionysus.
The Hellenistic world was gradually absorbed by Rome in several stages. Syracuse fell to Roman siege in 211 BC and in 167 BC the Macedonian kingdom dismantled. In 133 BC the Greek cities of Asia Minor were bequeathed to the Romans and the remnants of the Seleucid kingdom and Ptolemaic Egypt were annexed by Rome in the first century BC, with the beginning of the reign of the Roman emperor Augustus in 31 BC.
More than just a famous tourist destination, Santorini boasts a romantic scene where you can have some really memorable moments with your partner. The time when the sun sets deep down to the Aegean Sea and the sky gets these amazing orange colors is the best to enjoy a cocktail. One of the best places to do so is the Classico bar restaurant in the capital of Fira.
The statue of Poseidon, made of Parian marble, was found in 1877 on Milos island, along with a statue of his mate, Amphitrite. The larger than life-size statue depicts the god almost nude, wearing a himation covering the lower part of the body. In his raised right hand he will have held the trident. Next to his right leg is a support in the form of a dolphin. Today, the statue is exhibited at the National Archaeological Museum in Athens city.
“Brunch” is both a noun, a verb and way of life. It’s not only an opportunity to eat something nice, but also a way to catch up with friends in the middle of the day. In Athens city we love it for both reasons. We have even discovered an easily accessible spot, perfect for the citibreakers to enjoy a full breakfast or a brunch during their travel in the Greek capital.
Touristorama has been travelling all around Greece and its islands for over a decade. This year, during our trip to Naxos, the biggest of the Cyclades complex, we discovered an interesting spot, perfect for your night out on the island… which is what we do best: finding the best places and then propose you should visit them! Prime is a Scandinavian Bar, located on a privileged position in Chora of Naxos, opposite the port. It’s been operating for 21 years and enjoys a great fame to both foreign and local tourists.
In recent years, the beloved habit of pancakes has begun to become widespread in Greece as well. Touristorama discovered in Nafplion the place that makes the most delicious pancakes, according to the original American recipe.
Explore the fascinating volcanic island of Santorini the way you want it yourself! Enjoy a unique accommodation experience, with huge doses of privacy and luxury by choosing to stay in Incognito Villa.
The statue of Poseidon, made of Parian marble, was found in 1877 on Milos island, along with a statue of his mate, Amphitrite. The larger than life-size statue depicts the god almost nude, wearing a himation...
The building that now houses the Hellenic Parliament is the Old Royal Palace, the former royal palace in Athens. The Parliament House is located in the heart of Athens, it faces onto the Syntagma Square...
The visitor of Kilkis region in Macedonia has many things to see, as the place is full of museums and monuments. Take a look at the most interesting...
Mycenae is a city of great significance in Greek history that named the Mycenaean Civilization that flourished here in the late Bronze Age around 1600–1200 BC. The palace of Mycenae, known in legend...