Greece - History
Stone Age in Greece28-01-2015 13:48By the term Stone Age we refer to the very early dawn of human civilization in prehistoric times which has been traced mainly in the Northern part of Greece and this relatively long and vague timeline stretches starting 40.000 years ago till 2200 BC and precedes the Bronze Age and the creation of some of the earliest form of civilizations in the Aegean Sea, Crete and Peloponnese, the Cycladic, Minoan and the Mycenaean civilization respectively.
There are very few remnants and findings of the Stone Age in Greece. The Palaeolithic population of Greece appears to have been tiny and only few of these settlements have been found. Some of the most important Paleolithic sites that you can visit are the Cave of Petralona in Chalkidiki and the Theopetra Cave in Thessaly.
The Petralona Cave is formed about 300 m above sea level, bejeweled with stalagmites and stalactites created in Jurassic era (~150 million years). The Cave became known internationally when the famous fossilized skull of Petralona man or Archanthropus was found. The research proved that Petralona Archanthropus has an age of about 700.000 years ago, that is the oldest known Europeoid man. Thousands of fossils and other findings of the cave but also from open sites such as Chalkidiki, Amyntaio, Ikaria, Crete, Ptolemais and Chios are deposited in the Anthropological Museum, situated next to the cave.
Theopetra Cave is a famous archaeological site and quite unique in its kind as its deposits start at the Middle Paleolithic (50.000 BC) and last until the end of the Neolithic period (4.000 BC) without gaps, containing records of the replacement of Neanderthals by modern humans and then the subsequent transition from hunter-gathering to farming. A wall which was built 23.000 years ago was discovered in 2010, making it the oldest known human-built structure so far.
The Neolithic Age begins in the 7th millennium BC and some of the most important settlements of this era were found mainly in Thessaly and Northern Greece. Sesklo and Dimini are the two best known Neolithic sites located in Thessaly and Dispilio is located in the region of Kastoria on the lakeside of Orestiada Lake.
Sesklo is located on a terrace terminating in the small coastal plain of Volos and was probably inhabited until 1500 BC, while the most beautiful finding has been excavated from Dimini, dated between 5300 and 4800 BC. It is a vase superb for its shape and its well arranged decoration and it is currently being exhibited in the vast Neolithic Collection of the National Archaeological Museum in Athens.
Some of the most impressive findings and real pieces of artwork were found in the islands of Cyclades and especially in the uninhabited islet of Saliagos near Antiparos Island. The Aegean or Cycladic civilization is the most evolved one of the Neolithic Era preceding the Bronze Age and the birth of the major civilizations of Crete and Mycenae.
The Neolithic Collection of the National Archaeological Museum of Athens is the most complete exhibition of pieces of Neolithic art and artifacts found in Greece, seeming strikingly modern putting together elegance and simplicity, more or less with the same way contemporaneous artists create art by mixing the abstract and the real.
“Brunch” is both a noun, a verb and way of life. It’s not only an opportunity to eat something nice, but also a way to catch up with friends in the middle of the day. In Athens city we love it for both reasons. We have even discovered an easily accessible spot, perfect for the citibreakers to enjoy a full breakfast or a brunch during their travel in the Greek capital.
Explore the fascinating volcanic island of Santorini the way you want it yourself! Enjoy a unique accommodation experience, with huge doses of privacy and luxury by choosing to stay in Incognito Villa.
Touristorama has been travelling all around Greece and its islands for over a decade. This year, during our trip to Naxos, the biggest of the Cyclades complex, we discovered an interesting spot, perfect for your night out on the island… which is what we do best: finding the best places and then propose you should visit them! Prime is a Scandinavian Bar, located on a privileged position in Chora of Naxos, opposite the port. It’s been operating for 21 years and enjoys a great fame to both foreign and local tourists.
In recent years, the beloved habit of pancakes has begun to become widespread in Greece as well. Touristorama discovered in Nafplion the place that makes the most delicious pancakes, according to the original American recipe.
More than just a famous tourist destination, Santorini boasts a romantic scene where you can have some really memorable moments with your partner. The time when the sun sets deep down to the Aegean Sea and the sky gets these amazing orange colors is the best to enjoy a cocktail. One of the best places to do so is the Classico bar restaurant in the capital of Fira.
The statue of Poseidon, made of Parian marble, was found in 1877 on Milos island, along with a statue of his mate, Amphitrite. The larger than life-size statue depicts the god almost nude, wearing a himation covering the lower part of the body. In his raised right hand he will have held the trident. Next to his right leg is a support in the form of a dolphin. Today, the statue is exhibited at the National Archaeological Museum in Athens city.
The statue of Poseidon, made of Parian marble, was found in 1877 on Milos island, along with a statue of his mate, Amphitrite. The larger than life-size statue depicts the god almost nude, wearing a himation...
Brand new, with vivid colorful atmosphere and located in the central square of Fira, Solo Gelato serves the most delicious ice cream, aromatic italian coffee, imaginative smoothies, hand made sweets and...
The Jewish Museum was founded in 1977. Its goal is to collect and exhibit artifacts related to the presence of Jewish in Greece. As the museum expanded, a neoclassical building of the 19th century was...
In about 70 kilometres from Athens towards the tip of the Attica peninsula one finds the cape Sounion. There you can admire the ruins of an ancient Greek temple of Poseidon, the god of the sea in Greek...