Greece - History
Bronze Age in Greece15-02-2013 19:38The Bronze Age begins roughly two and a half millennia ago and the conditions of the development of human society are set, especially in the late Neolithic settlements that are already established and evolve by the usage of tools made of copper and extensive trade following the sea routes of Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean.
The islands in the Aegean Sea and especially Thera or Santorini as it is known and Milos of Cyclades complex were developed into some of the most important nucleus of civilization during the Bronze Age. Although the settlement of Phylakopi in Milos was established in prehistoric times, it flourished in the Bronze Age.
The settlement of Akrotiri in Santorini is one of the most impressive archaeological sites of this era, depicting in vivid colors in wall murals a highly organized everyday life in trading, fishing and farming, but also enjoying life, embracing activities like dancing and sports. The archeological site is open to the public with very well-preserved findings. The pottery found in Akrotiri is exhibited in the Archaeological Museum in Fira, Santorini and part of the findings, pottery and murals are being exhibited in the National Archaeological Museum of Athens.
At the same time, civilization is also cultivated in the island of Crete establishing early palatial forms of societies, societies that are developed around palaces that serve like administrative centers such as Knossos, Phestos, Malia. The civilization developed in Crete during the Bronze Age will be called later by the archaeologists the Minoan Civilization in sake of the name of the legendary King Minos although the acme of Crete is not dated in the same time when Minos is said to have ruled in Crete.
The two centers of developed society, Santorini and Crete were meant to be bound in a fatal destiny. The island of Santorini is in fact the tip of a massive volcano that erupted between 1627 BC and 1600 BC destroying the civilization of Akrotiri on the island of Santorini but also destroying the Minoan civilization which was swept away by the enormous tsunamis created by the volcano eruption. Such was the impact of the volcanic eruption that the ash to have been released is estimated four times what was thrown into the stratosphere by Krakatoa in 1883. The volcanic materials covered the entire island of Santorini and they have protected up to date the buildings and their contents, just like in Pompei.
In consequence of the devastating effects of the volcanic eruption, another civilization had the chance to get evolved and flourish away from the Aegean Sea. The Mycenaean civilization is called after the name of the Palace of Mycenae in the region of Argolida in Peloponnese. As the mythology suggests in the myth of Danaides, the settlers who established this civilization in Peloponnese must have been the so-called “Sea People” who came probably from Egypt but the archaeological evidence of their origin is scant. The ruins of the Palace in Mycenae are an important archaeological site and the rich findings or armory and burial treasures are being exhibited in the adjacent museum and the National Archaeological Museum in Athens.
The decline of the Mycenaean civilization is probably dated at the same time of the Trojan War, around 1185 BC and a long period of evolution and heroes comes to an end, putting the step stone to the Iron Age or the so-called Greek Dark Ages.
It opened in 2004 and soon became one of the favourite dining spots in Santorini. It is called Metaxy mas which means.. between us, but it is not a secret any more that this restaurant has a rich menu with almost 40 different dishes and appetizers based on traditional Greek cuisine.
We have been choosing Parea Tavern for our meals and dinners for 14 years! Every time someone from Touristorama travels to the island of Santorini, he enjoys authentic Greek cuisine at the terrace of this restaurant in the heart of Fira. And we are not the only ones. Thousands of tourists include it among their favorites on the volcanic island.
Explore the fascinating volcanic island of Santorini the way you want it yourself! Enjoy a unique accommodation experience, with huge doses of privacy and luxury by choosing to stay in Incognito Villa.
More than just a famous tourist destination, Santorini boasts a romantic scene where you can have some really memorable moments with your partner. The time when the sun sets deep down to the Aegean Sea and the sky gets these amazing orange colors is the best to enjoy a cocktail. One of the best places to do so is the Classico bar restaurant in the capital of Fira.
The Marmita Restaurant is now a part of the history of Santorini, since it has been operating in Megalochori since 2004. From 2013 it s been running under the observation of new owner Giannis Manikas and the sense of renewal is obvious.
Touristorama has been travelling all around Greece and its islands for over a decade. This year, during our trip to Naxos, the biggest of the Cyclades complex, we discovered an interesting spot, perfect for your night out on the island… which is what we do best: finding the best places and then propose you should visit them! Prime is a Scandinavian Bar, located on a privileged position in Chora of Naxos, opposite the port. It’s been operating for 21 years and enjoys a great fame to both foreign and local tourists.
The statue of Poseidon, made of Parian marble, was found in 1877 on Milos island, along with a statue of his mate, Amphitrite. The larger than life-size statue depicts the god almost nude, wearing a himation...
Brand new, with vivid colorful atmosphere and located in the central square of Fira, Solo Gelato serves the most delicious ice cream, aromatic italian coffee, imaginative smoothies, hand made sweets and...
The Jewish Museum was founded in 1977. Its goal is to collect and exhibit artifacts related to the presence of Jewish in Greece. As the museum expanded, a neoclassical building of the 19th century was...
In about 70 kilometres from Athens towards the tip of the Attica peninsula one finds the cape Sounion. There you can admire the ruins of an ancient Greek temple of Poseidon, the god of the sea in Greek...