Sophocles10-06-2013 18:25Sophocles was an Athenian tragic playwright, reckoned among the three great classical tragedians, with the other two being Aeschylus and Euripides. Sofoklis’ work has been seen as Greek tragedy’s high point, with his tragedy “Oedipus the King” admired more than any other.
Sophokles was born the son of Sophilus, a rich manufacturer of Colonus, around 496 B.C. He grew up during the Persian Wars and he was a teenager at the victorious sea battle of Salamis in 480 B.C. when he was honored with the assignment of dancing and singing naked at the trophy monument. To win this commission he must have been a performer of considerable talent and beauty.
At about the age of 28 Sofokles won his first tragedy competition at the major annual drama festival known as the City Dionysia. We know that one of the playwrights whom he defeated this year was the well established tragedian Aeschylus, but the winning tragedies have not been preserved through history.
Sophokles went on to win a total of 24 victories in over 65 more years of writing. Of the seven times when he failed to win first prize, he always took second prize, never third. This remarkable record makes Sophokles the most successful tragedian of his day.
In 443 B.C. Sophokles was elected to the office of treasurer of the Delian League. In 441 B.C., reportedly in recognition of his play Antigone, he was elected for the following year as a general of the Athenian armed forces. Under Perikles’ senior command, General Sophokles served in the campaign against the rebellious island of Samos. In 420 B.C. Sophokles was active in developing the god Asclepius’s cult at Athens, which may mean that he helped establish a public hospital.
In about 406 B.C., after Euripides died, the 90 year old Sophokles presented his chorus dressed in mourning, to commemorate his dead rival. Soon afterward, in 406 B.C. Sophokles himself died, and he was remembered in Aristophanes’ comedy Frogs which is set in the Underworld.
The tragedies that survived did so because they were chosen in later antiquity to be taught in schools: Ajax, Antigone, The Women of Trachis, Oedipus the King, Electra, Philoctetes and Oedipus at Colonus. Oedipus the King and Antigone are today among the most accessible and widely read of all existing Greek tragedies.
In recent years, the beloved habit of pancakes has begun to become widespread in Greece as well. Touristorama discovered in Nafplion the place that makes the most delicious pancakes, according to the original American recipe.
Explore the fascinating volcanic island of Santorini the way you want it yourself! Enjoy a unique accommodation experience, with huge doses of privacy and luxury by choosing to stay in Incognito Villa.
More than just a famous tourist destination, Santorini boasts a romantic scene where you can have some really memorable moments with your partner. The time when the sun sets deep down to the Aegean Sea and the sky gets these amazing orange colors is the best to enjoy a cocktail. One of the best places to do so is the Classico bar restaurant in the capital of Fira.
Touristorama has been travelling all around Greece and its islands for over a decade. This year, during our trip to Naxos, the biggest of the Cyclades complex, we discovered an interesting spot, perfect for your night out on the island… which is what we do best: finding the best places and then propose you should visit them! Prime is a Scandinavian Bar, located on a privileged position in Chora of Naxos, opposite the port. It’s been operating for 21 years and enjoys a great fame to both foreign and local tourists.
“Brunch” is both a noun, a verb and way of life. It’s not only an opportunity to eat something nice, but also a way to catch up with friends in the middle of the day. In Athens city we love it for both reasons. We have even discovered an easily accessible spot, perfect for the citibreakers to enjoy a full breakfast or a brunch during their travel in the Greek capital.
The statue of Poseidon, made of Parian marble, was found in 1877 on Milos island, along with a statue of his mate, Amphitrite. The larger than life-size statue depicts the god almost nude, wearing a himation covering the lower part of the body. In his raised right hand he will have held the trident. Next to his right leg is a support in the form of a dolphin. Today, the statue is exhibited at the National Archaeological Museum in Athens city.
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