Homer: The Epic Poet10-06-2013 18:08According to tradition, Homer was the earliest and greatest Greek poet. Two epic poems were attributed to him: the Iliad and the Odyssey, which present certain events of the mythical Trojan War and the struggle of the hero Odysseus to return home. These two poems were fundamental references for ancient Greeks who looked to them for answers to moral questions and for inspiration for new literature.
Despite a few legends, nothing is known about the life of Homer. Although the Greeks believed that Homer was a real person, modern scholars arguably doubt it. If there was a historical figure named Homer, he may have lived sometime between 850 and 750 B.C. Most of the early accounts agree that Homer was blind, elderly and poor, a poet who wandered from city to city in ancient Greece. Tradition has it that seven cities claimed to be his birthplace and some thought that Homer came from Chios, while others traced his origin to Smyrna.
The doubt of scholars of Homer’s existence extends to the doubt on whether one person could have written both the Iliad and the Odyssey, the so-called Homeric Question. By the end of the 20th century, however, new evidence emerged that the two epics were the work of one genius.
More important than the poet’s identity are the values and traditions on which his poetry is based. Homer’s poems describe a bygone era as an Age of Heroes, when men of superior strength, courage, and wealth lived by a code of honor that shapes all their actions. The era described is what scholars now call the Bronze Age and the era of the Mycenaean Civilization.
The Iliad and the Odyssey were probably first written down around 750 B.C., after the invention of the Greek Alphabet. They were probably created by the oral techniques of preliterate Greek epic poetry. The very existence of Troy and the Trojan War was in doubt prior to the archaeological work of Heinrich Schliemann in the nineteenth century, whose discovery of a series of cities on what is believed to have been the site of Troy indicates some historical basis for the events recited in the Homeric poems.
More than just a famous tourist destination, Santorini boasts a romantic scene where you can have some really memorable moments with your partner. The time when the sun sets deep down to the Aegean Sea and the sky gets these amazing orange colors is the best to enjoy a cocktail. One of the best places to do so is the Classico bar restaurant in the capital of Fira.
The statue of Poseidon, made of Parian marble, was found in 1877 on Milos island, along with a statue of his mate, Amphitrite. The larger than life-size statue depicts the god almost nude, wearing a himation covering the lower part of the body. In his raised right hand he will have held the trident. Next to his right leg is a support in the form of a dolphin. Today, the statue is exhibited at the National Archaeological Museum in Athens city.
“Brunch” is both a noun, a verb and way of life. It’s not only an opportunity to eat something nice, but also a way to catch up with friends in the middle of the day. In Athens city we love it for both reasons. We have even discovered an easily accessible spot, perfect for the citibreakers to enjoy a full breakfast or a brunch during their travel in the Greek capital.
Explore the fascinating volcanic island of Santorini the way you want it yourself! Enjoy a unique accommodation experience, with huge doses of privacy and luxury by choosing to stay in Incognito Villa.
Touristorama has been travelling all around Greece and its islands for over a decade. This year, during our trip to Naxos, the biggest of the Cyclades complex, we discovered an interesting spot, perfect for your night out on the island… which is what we do best: finding the best places and then propose you should visit them! Prime is a Scandinavian Bar, located on a privileged position in Chora of Naxos, opposite the port. It’s been operating for 21 years and enjoys a great fame to both foreign and local tourists.
In recent years, the beloved habit of pancakes has begun to become widespread in Greece as well. Touristorama discovered in Nafplion the place that makes the most delicious pancakes, according to the original American recipe.
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