Homer: The Epic Poet10-06-2013 18:08According to tradition, Homer was the earliest and greatest Greek poet. Two epic poems were attributed to him: the Iliad and the Odyssey, which present certain events of the mythical Trojan War and the struggle of the hero Odysseus to return home. These two poems were fundamental references for ancient Greeks who looked to them for answers to moral questions and for inspiration for new literature.
Despite a few legends, nothing is known about the life of Homer. Although the Greeks believed that Homer was a real person, modern scholars arguably doubt it. If there was a historical figure named Homer, he may have lived sometime between 850 and 750 B.C. Most of the early accounts agree that Homer was blind, elderly and poor, a poet who wandered from city to city in ancient Greece. Tradition has it that seven cities claimed to be his birthplace and some thought that Homer came from Chios, while others traced his origin to Smyrna.
The doubt of scholars of Homer’s existence extends to the doubt on whether one person could have written both the Iliad and the Odyssey, the so-called Homeric Question. By the end of the 20th century, however, new evidence emerged that the two epics were the work of one genius.
More important than the poet’s identity are the values and traditions on which his poetry is based. Homer’s poems describe a bygone era as an Age of Heroes, when men of superior strength, courage, and wealth lived by a code of honor that shapes all their actions. The era described is what scholars now call the Bronze Age and the era of the Mycenaean Civilization.
The Iliad and the Odyssey were probably first written down around 750 B.C., after the invention of the Greek Alphabet. They were probably created by the oral techniques of preliterate Greek epic poetry. The very existence of Troy and the Trojan War was in doubt prior to the archaeological work of Heinrich Schliemann in the nineteenth century, whose discovery of a series of cities on what is believed to have been the site of Troy indicates some historical basis for the events recited in the Homeric poems.
Explore the fascinating volcanic island of Santorini the way you want it yourself! Enjoy a unique accommodation experience, with huge doses of privacy and luxury by choosing to stay in Incognito Villa.
More than just a famous tourist destination, Santorini boasts a romantic scene where you can have some really memorable moments with your partner. The time when the sun sets deep down to the Aegean Sea and the sky gets these amazing orange colors is the best to enjoy a cocktail. One of the best places to do so is the Classico bar restaurant in the capital of Fira.
It opened in 2004 and soon became one of the favourite dining spots in Santorini. It is called Metaxy mas which means.. between us, but it is not a secret any more that this restaurant has a rich menu with almost 40 different dishes and appetizers based on traditional Greek cuisine.
We have been choosing Parea Tavern for our meals and dinners for 14 years! Every time someone from Touristorama travels to the island of Santorini, he enjoys authentic Greek cuisine at the terrace of this restaurant in the heart of Fira. And we are not the only ones. Thousands of tourists include it among their favorites on the volcanic island.
The Marmita Restaurant is now a part of the history of Santorini, since it has been operating in Megalochori since 2004. From 2013 it s been running under the observation of new owner Giannis Manikas and the sense of renewal is obvious.
Like a relay race of three generations; a journey with happy days, sad days, joys, sorrows, wars, Occupation, poverty, hunger, deaths, volcanic eruptions, catastrophic earthquakes, flee for a better life, return, better days, feasts, tourism explosion, financial crises and so on… Everything has been indelibly inscribed on the walls of this small building, Aktaion. I feel grateful that life has given me the opportunity to hold the reins of Aktaion all the way to its centennial.
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