Archimedes: The Mathematecian29-01-2013 20:08Archimedes was born circa 287 B.C. in Syracuse, Sicily and spent most of his life there but he may also have studied with scholars in Alexandria. He was well known to his contemporaneous scientists for his inventions but his theories were exploited by Arabs and Byzantines in the early Middle Ages.
Archimedes invented a water screw for irrigation and also proved the basic principle of hydrostatics, which a solid immersed in a fluid, is lighter than its true weight by the weight of the fluid displaced. The story that Archimedes ran naked through the streets crying, “Eureka!” (“I have found it!”), is believed to be no more than popular legend.
Although, another incident attributed to Archimedes is totally true. When the Roman army attacked Syracuse, Archimedes was contemplating a mathematical diagram and he was so focused on this that he ignored an approaching Roman soldier. The soldier commanded him to come and meet General Marcellus but Archimedes denied, saying that he had to finish working on the problem. The soldier was enraged by this and killed Archimedes with his sword (212 B.C.).
The last words attributed to Archimedes are "Do not disturb my circles", a reference to the circles in the mathematical drawing that he was studying when disturbed by the Roman soldier. The General was reportedly angered by the death of Archimedes, as he considered him a valuable scientific asset and had ordered not be harmed.
The achievements of Archimedes were not widely known during antiquity. His texts were translated into Latin between the 12th and 15th century, making Archimedes the principal influence on European thought over Mathematics.
In recent years, the beloved habit of pancakes has begun to become widespread in Greece as well. Touristorama discovered in Nafplion the place that makes the most delicious pancakes, according to the original American recipe.
Explore the fascinating volcanic island of Santorini the way you want it yourself! Enjoy a unique accommodation experience, with huge doses of privacy and luxury by choosing to stay in Incognito Villa.
“Brunch” is both a noun, a verb and way of life. It’s not only an opportunity to eat something nice, but also a way to catch up with friends in the middle of the day. In Athens city we love it for both reasons. We have even discovered an easily accessible spot, perfect for the citibreakers to enjoy a full breakfast or a brunch during their travel in the Greek capital.
The statue of Poseidon, made of Parian marble, was found in 1877 on Milos island, along with a statue of his mate, Amphitrite. The larger than life-size statue depicts the god almost nude, wearing a himation covering the lower part of the body. In his raised right hand he will have held the trident. Next to his right leg is a support in the form of a dolphin. Today, the statue is exhibited at the National Archaeological Museum in Athens city.
Touristorama has been travelling all around Greece and its islands for over a decade. This year, during our trip to Naxos, the biggest of the Cyclades complex, we discovered an interesting spot, perfect for your night out on the island… which is what we do best: finding the best places and then propose you should visit them! Prime is a Scandinavian Bar, located on a privileged position in Chora of Naxos, opposite the port. It’s been operating for 21 years and enjoys a great fame to both foreign and local tourists.
More than just a famous tourist destination, Santorini boasts a romantic scene where you can have some really memorable moments with your partner. The time when the sun sets deep down to the Aegean Sea and the sky gets these amazing orange colors is the best to enjoy a cocktail. One of the best places to do so is the Classico bar restaurant in the capital of Fira.
The statue of Poseidon, made of Parian marble, was found in 1877 on Milos island, along with a statue of his mate, Amphitrite. The larger than life-size statue depicts the god almost nude, wearing a himation...
The building that now houses the Hellenic Parliament is the Old Royal Palace, the former royal palace in Athens. The Parliament House is located in the heart of Athens, it faces onto the Syntagma Square...
The visitor of Kilkis region in Macedonia has many things to see, as the place is full of museums and monuments. Take a look at the most interesting...
Mycenae is a city of great significance in Greek history that named the Mycenaean Civilization that flourished here in the late Bronze Age around 1600–1200 BC. The palace of Mycenae, known in legend...